A soldier “mentioned in despatches” was someone who was mentioned in a written report from a commanding officer to a high commander. The report described the ‘meritorious action’ in the sight of the enemy. A soldier “mentioned in despatches” did not necessarily receive a medal for his action, but could receive a certificate and wear a decoration. Prior to 1979 “mentioned in despatches” one of the few honours that could be awarded posthumously. Soldiers could be “mentioned in despatches” several times.
Mentions of medals awarded include mentions of high honours, such as “The George Cross” or the “Victoria Cross”. Most other mentions were a list without any quote or explanation why the honour had been granted.